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Pardubice is a city in the Czech Republic. It is the capital of the region of the same name. Pardubice is located on the Elbe, 104 km east of Prague. The city has 88 741 inhabitants (2004) and is an important industrial city.

The first mention of Pardubice dates from 1295, when there was a small settlement around a monastery. Between 1332 and 1340 the city received city rights.

Pardubice has an old city center with an old tower and a castle. The tower, called Green Gate (Zelená brána), and the recently restored castle both date from around 1500, when the mighty Moravian family Pernštejn resided in the city and brought it to fruition. The architect Josef Gočár is responsible for a number of striking 20th-century buildings.